Piles is another term for hemorrhoids. hemorrhoids are vascular structures in the anal canal that help with stool control. They become pathological or piles when swollen or inflamed. In their normal state, they act as a cushion composed of arterio-venous channels (blood vessels) and connective tissue. While the exact cause of hemorrhoids remains unknown, a number of factors that increase intra-abdominal pressure, i.e. prolonged straining for constipation, chronic cough, pregnancy, are believed to play a role in their development.

During pregnancy, pressure from the fetus (baby) on the abdomen and hormonal changes cause the hemorrhoidal vessels to enlarge. Delivery also leads to increased intra-abdominal pressures. Pregnant women rarely need surgical treatment, as symptoms usually resolve after delivery.

Stapler Surgery was developed by world-renowned colorectal surgeon Dr. Antonio Longo. It is currently the gold standard for the treatment of grade 3 and 4 piles. In this procedure, a circular stapler device is used to ‘lift up’ or rearrange the prompted mucosa and reduce the blood flow to the internal hemorrhoids. Shrink in a few weeks after this internal hemorrhoids.