A hernia occurs when tissue bulges out through an opening in the muscles. Any part of the abdominal wall can weaken and develop a hernia, but the most common sites are the groin (inguinal), the navel (umbilical), and a previous surgical incision site.


  • A visible bulge in the scrotum or groin area, especially with coughing or straining.
  • Pain or pressure at the hernia site.

Treatment Options


  • Open Hernia Repair An incision is made near the site and the hernia is repaired with mesh or by suturing (sewing) the muscle closed.
  • Laparoscopic Hernia Repair A hernia is repaired by mesh or sutures inserted The hernia is repaired by mesh or sutures inserted through instruments placed into small incisions in the abdomen.


  • Watchful waiting is a safe and acceptable option for adults with inguinal hernias that is not uncomfortable. Many patients become symptomatic after the first 1 to 2 years and crossover to surgery due to increased pain on exertion, chronic constipation, or urinary symptoms.